DILI, august 09, 2021 (Tatoli)- The Government of Timor- Leste through the Minister of Health (MoH) and The World Health Organization (WHO) optimist to end the TB in Timor-Leste by 2025.

“It is an indication of deep interest and unwavering commitment towards provoking people’s interest for such public health issues and is a testimony for Timor-Leste’s government deep commitment to rid the country from Tuberculosis which otherwise is still a major killer globally and in the South East,” The Representative of the WHO in Timor-Leste, Arvin Mathur said on his remarks.

Mathur said TB is an infectious disease that mostly affected poorer countries in the South East (ASIA) Region, for the reason that many people consume less nutritive food and high rate of Tabacco users.

Timor-Leste is register highest rate of TB disease compared to HIV/AIDS and COVID-19 disease, thus to prevent TB disease collective efforts are needed to end TB in Timor-Leste.

“The efforts will maintain through the 3cs mantra- coordination, collaboration, and cooperation. There are critical mantras for accelerating ending tuberculosis (TB) in Timor-Leste,” Mathur said.

Ending the TB epidemic by WHO:

Ending the global TB epidemic is feasible with dramatic decline in TB deaths and cases, and elimination of economic and social burden of TB. Failure to do so will carry serious individual and global public health consequences.

Achievement of this goal by 2035 requires:

  • Expanding the scope and reach of interventions for TB care and prevention, with a focus on high-impact, integrated and patient-centered approaches.
  • Eliciting full benefits of health and development policies and systems, through engaging a much wider set of collaborators across government, communities and the private sector.
  • Pursuing new scientific knowledge and innovations that can dramatically change TB prevention and care.

To ensure full impact, these actions must build on principles of government stewardship, engagement of civil society, human rights and equity, and adaptation to the unique context of diverse epidemics and settings.

Reaching the targets:

To reach the targets set out in the End TB Strategy, the annual decline in global TB incidence rates must first accelerate from 2% per year in 2015 to 10% per year by 2025. Secondly, the proportion of people with TB who die from the disease (the case-fatality ratio) needs to decline from a projected 15% in 2015 to 6.5% by 2025. These declines in deaths and incidence by 2025 while ambitious are feasible with existing tools complemented by universal health coverage and social protection.

To sustain progress beyond 2025 and achieve the SDG* 2030 and End TB 2035 targets, additional tools must be available by 2025. In particular, a new vaccine that is effective pre- and post-exposure and a safer and more effective treatment for latent TB infection are needed to reduce the number of new TB cases arising from the approximately 2 billion people worldwide who are infected with M. tuberculosis, as well as better diagnostics and safer and easier treatment including shorter drug regimens for TB disease. For new tools to be available by 2025, greatly enhanced and immediate investments in research and development are required.

The figure below shows the projected acceleration of the decline in global TB incidence rates with optimization of current tools combined with progress towards universal health coverage and social protection from 2015, and the additional impact of new tools by 2025.

(Image WHO)

The minister of health, Odete Maria Freitas Belo, said that TB National Strategy Plan is to guide all relevant entities working for infectious disease, especially to mitigate and end TB disease.

She added that Timor-Leste is burden with tuberculosis (TB) in Southeast Asian countries because of ongoing high transmission rates. The incidence rate was 498 per 100.000, which is the seventh highest in the world.

“The efforts of combat against TB issue the Minister of health officially launch Mobile trashing system. This technology tools can be used to record the data in TB Dashboard, “Said Odete

These technology tools can be used by a health professional for the TB assessment of vulnerable people.

The program implemented for the ending of TB has been financially supported by the Global Fund with the amount of 8.3 million US dollars for the Minister of Health to deplete the disease in TL.

 

Journalist: José Belarmino De Sá

Editor: Nelia Borges Rosario

 

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